How Do Solar Panels Work?

how do solar panels work

You’ve heard the word on the street about solar energy, but have you ever wondered: How do solar panels work? Now, surely you know that solar panels take the sunlight and turn it into reliable energy for your home, but what about the nitty gritty? From calculating sun peak hours to understanding inverters, let’s break down how solar panels churn out solar energy and answer some tough questions.

How Do Solar Panels Work?

Here’s the quick version: solar panels work when solar cells are hit by the photons inside of a beam of sunlight. The sun actually sends enough photons to Earth every hour to power the whole world. Luckily, you just need them to power your home. Once the photons jostle the electrons inside your solar cells, it causes them to flow through an electrical current. All of that movement generates some pretty powerful electricity for your home. Let’s do a deep dive and find out how solar panels really work.

Step One: Sunlight Jolts Solar Panels Into Action

Once the panels get a taste of sunlight, they’re activated. If you live in one of the sunniest cities in the U.S., it just makes sense to go solar. You’ve got a rich supply of solar energy just waiting to be soaked up and converted into electricity. Solar cells absorb sunlight during the day, which begs the question…

Do Solar Panels Need Direct Sunlight?

Believe it or not: solar panels can work on cloudy days, but they work at their best when blasted with a bit of direct sunlight. To get the most out of your solar system, it might be a good idea to calculate your peak sun hours to know when your panels are producing energy at their max. Remember: any form of sunlight can be absorbed. Whether it’s direct or indirect, sunlight will still power your solar panels.

how do solar panels work

Step Two: Solar Panels Create A Strong Electrical Current

Photovoltaic (PV) solar panels are made up of silicon, glass, a metal frame, and wires. The solar cells are constructed to create a positive layer and a negative one with the silicon. This creates an electric field and once those electrons get to moving, electricity is generated. The panels are arranged together in ordered series, called arrays. The larger the array, the more electricity they will produce.

For more information about silicone as a semiconductor of electricity, check out this article.

Step Three: Power Your Home with Solar Panels

If you’re asking, “How do solar panels work?” chances are, you want to know how solar can work for you. The sun is full of clean, renewable energy just waiting to be converted. But solar panels are only the first step in home energy efficiency.

Why Do Solar Cells Need An Inverter?

Solar cells need an inverter to convert. While solar panels can absorb sunlight and generate energy in excess, they still need inverters to get the job done. Solar panels generate direct current (DC) electricity. An inverter is needed to transform DC electricity into alternating current (AC) electricity, which is typically used to power a home. This conversion makes adapting your home for solar as seamless as using electricity from the utility grid. However, grid failures and rolling blackouts have become more prevalent. Solar panels and a solar battery offer an answer.

How to Use Solar Panels During Power Outage?

The best way to use solar panels during a power outage is to have a solar panel battery. A solar panel battery will help fortify your home against blackouts and relieve some pressure off of the grid. It works in conjunction with your solar panel installation and helps to keep the power on at your house.

Moreover, a solar panel battery is a safe way to protect your home from power outages, unlike generators. Solar panels need a battery to store your excess energy to use. If your solar panels are still active and connected to the grid during a blackout, an electrical current could surge through the power lines and harm the utility workers who are working to get the power back on. Only a solar battery, like the resilient Enphase Encharge, will store the energy from your panels and activate your grid independence when you need it the most. How long do solar batteries last? Check out some of these benefits:

  • Maximize Backup Potential
  • Affordability
  • Over 10 -Year Life Expectancy
  • High Performance

How Do Solar Panels Work for Your Home?

In conclusion, solar panels work for your home by absorbing the sun’s photons and generating a direct current. This current is transformed into an alternating current by your inverter and used to power your home.

Still thinking about making the switch? Solar comes with a host of benefits, such as a lower utility bill, a step in the right direction for home energy efficiency, increases in the value of your home, and so much more. Leave the solar myths behind! And receive a free quote for solar panel installation today!

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